Opening A Dos Prompt In Windows

Opening a dos prompt in Windows is a fairly trivial task however the process has changed over the years.

Windows 98

  1. Click on the circular start menu icon.
  2. Click on run.
  3. Enter ‘cmd’ into the new window that appears.
  4. Press enter.

Windows XP

  1. Click on the circular start menu icon.
  2. Click on run.
  3. Enter ‘cmd’ into the new window that appears.
  4. Press enter.

Windows Vista

  1. Click on the circular start menu icon.
  2. Type ‘cmd’ into the start search box in the menu that appears.
  3. Press enter.

Windows 7

  1. Click on the circular start menu icon.
  2. Type ‘cmd’ into the start search box in the menu that appears.
  3. Press enter.

Windows 8.1

  1. Press the start menu icon (shows as a white Microsoft Windows flag.
  2. Type ‘cmd’. This will automatically open the search dialogue with results showing on the right.
  3. Press enter or click on the result that shows ‘cmd.exe’.

Windows 10

  1. Type ‘cmd’ into the search box at the bottom of the screen.
  2. Press enter.

If All Else Fails

If you have been unable to use any of the above methods to open the dos prompt the following steps usually work:

  1. Press ‘r’ while holding down the windows button (the button with the windows flag on the keyboard).
  2. In the new box that should appear type ‘cmd’.
  3. Press enter.

By following the instructions above you will be presented with a screen that looks like:

DOS Prompt
DOS Prompt

Grub not showing O/S

Recently I setup an old PC to act as a test server to mimic a server I have for production. I decided I would like it to dual boot into Kali as well.

The installation went well however after the install finished on CentOS 7 would show in Grub. The Kali installation did not show any problems at all.

For anyone having similar issues after some research I was able to resolve the issue by completing the following command within CentOS:

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub2.cfg

After running the command it should be clear immediately if this has worked as it will list the operating systems that it finds.

Hopefully this should save someone some time if they come across the same issue.

Games To Swap (Steam and Origin)

Over the last year or 2 I have bought a few Humble Bundles. This has resulted in me having a fair few keys for games I already own.

If there are any games that interest you I am open to swap offers.


  • A Golden Wake
  • Aura: Fate of the Ages
  • Broken Sword 1: Shadow of the Templars – The Director’s Cut
  • Broken Sword 2: The Smoking Mirror
  • Cities in Motion 2
  • Cognition: An Erica Reed Thriller: GOTY
  • Deus Ex: Human Revolution – Director’s Cut
  • Hitman 2: Silent Assassin
  • Hitman: Absolution
  • Hitman: Blood Money
  • Hitman: Codename 47
  • Lara Croft and the Guardian of Light
  • Lunar Flight
  • Sid Meier’s Civilization V
  • The Detail Episode 1 – Where the Dead Lie
  • The Whispered World Special Edition


  • The Sims 3 High End Loft Stuff Key
  • The Sims 3 Key
  • The Sims 3 Late Night Key

The 2 Faces Of Google

Google has recently joined a consortium of companies and individuals in calling for reform with the Patriot Act over in the US. Google argues that the mass collection of data should be limited. I whole heartedly agree with this however what does stick in the throat somewhat is the fact that Google seem to believe that they are entitled to carry out their own surveillance on people through nefarious means.

Recently Google had appealed a decision against the right for European people to have the right to sue them over the fact that they had collected data bypassing the security settings within the Safari browser (commonly used on Macs, iPhones and iPads). According to the article on the BBC Google’s 2 principal arguments against the right to sue were as follows.

  1. No financial loss caused by the privacy breach can be proven by any affected people.
  2. Google is a US company and should not be sued in the UK.

I find it quite ironic that Google would like to be seen as a company championing the rights of the people however flagrantly disregarding the rights of the consumer.

This is not the first time that Google has been embroiled in privacy breaches. In 2010 Google had been found collecting data from unsecured wi-fi while capturing street view images. It was also found that they had also not deleted the data once found as they had promised to do so. In this case not only did Google “accidentally” capture the data but they also “accidentally” kept some of the data. Appears Google are quite clumsy.

As things stand at present we are the product Google sells, be it to webmaster’s or advertisers the data about what we do, the pages we visit and what we buy is invaluable to them. While this model continues Google will have little regard for privacy.

This of course is not an issue limited to Google. Many other companies such as Facebook have a similar disregard to privacy.

Interested In Security And Running WordPress?

WordPress is currently (and has been for a long time) 1 of the most popular tools for creating blogs and web sites on the internet. Due to the level of popularity that WordPress has gained it has been a target for hackers looking to deface the website, send spam or make the site a part of a bot net (and of course many other things).

The attackers use vulnerabilities that are found in the core code, plugins and yes even themes.

There are many plugins that try to help mitigate the risks but they are fighting a lost cause and really cannot combat all vulnerabilities. Continue reading “Interested In Security And Running WordPress?”

Java Revocated SSL Certificate?

Recently there have been many SSL certificates revocated due to the heartbleed issue. Yesterday, for the first time, I came across a warning advising the information for a certificate was not available. Once reading and accepting the revocation I continued on my merry way.

Today however I received another revocation notice when using the java updater.

Revocated Java Certificate

Has Java forgotten to remove a revocated certificate from their servers?

Interestingly I had carried out a search simply for (the certificate was created for this URL) and lo and behold the very first response was for a post on the Oracle Forum which detailed Java having exactly the same issue back in 2010.

Side note. On looking at the details of the SSL certificate I see that it was issues on 17th September 2013 and was due to expire on the 17th November 2014. A 14 month certificate? I did not know that was possible. Or was it revoked in 2013 as well?


I have tried to submit a bug for this issue however Oracle’s bug reporting process is atrocious.

I have received an email stating that the report “will be evaluated”.  Don’t think I will bother next time.

iThemes Banning You For 404 Error

Recently I updated the Better WP Security plugin. The developers have decided to rename it to iThemes Security. After a while I kept getting banned from the blog (I just kept getting a page stating “error”.

After doing some digging I found that the problem had been caused by the “default-user-image.png” image that was set in the All In One SEO Pack. I had changed the name of my wp-content folder (as per 1 of the recommendations in iThemes) however the links to this file were still leading to wp-content.

After installing iThemes make sure that you modify the location of the default user image in “All In One SEO” >> “Social Meta”. The setting you are looking for is “Default OG:Image”. Simply change wp-content to the new name that you have given the folder.

On a side note when looking for the issue I came across a red herring. In the main plugin script (all_in_one_seo_pack.php) a couple of constants are defined to state the name of the wp-content folder. When questioning this in the support forum I was advised they are not used any more. Begs the question why are they still there?